Since Vitamin D is produced by exposure to SUNLIGHT it is known as the “sunshine vitamin”. certain foods and supplements to ensure adequate levels of Vitamin D in your blood. Several important functions are carried out by Vit D. which includes regulating the absorption of Calcium and Phosphorus which facilitates development of bones and teeth. Vit D controls the body IMMUNE system providing resistance against diseases. Vit D is very essential to the body as an IMMUNE BOOSTER In these COVID-19 Pandemic days Vitamin D wud be very much life protective. Deficiency of Vitamin D leads to developing bone abnormalities such as soft bones (Osteomalacia) or fragile bones (Osteoporosis). Other benefits of Vit D Vitamin D wards off Depression Vitamin D helps lose weight and prevents heart disease. vitamin D has an appetite-suppressing effect. The following factors affects vitamin D through Sunlight. Pollution Using sunscreen Spending more time indoors cities where buildings block sunlight Having darker skin. Getting Vitamin D from sources besides sunlight is essential. Vitamin D deficiency leads to: Tiredness, pains in bones and muscles , and a general sense of not feeling well. Food sources of vitamin D - Immune Booster Few foods contain vitamin D naturally. Because of this, some foods are fortified. This means that vitamin D has been added. Foods that contain vitamin D include: salmon sardines egg yolk shrimp milk (fortified) cereal (fortified) yogurt (fortified) orange juice (fortified) Vitamin D supplements are necessary to be taken regularly. How much do you need? Levels of 50 to 100 micrograms per decilitre blood.You may need more vitamin D depending on your blood level. The recommended IUs for vitamin D are: children and teens: 600 IU adults up to age 70: 600 IU adults over age 70: 800 IU pregnant or breastfeeding women: 600 IU
Zinc is responsible for Multiple aspects of the immune system, Skin to gene regulation within lymphocytes. Zinc is very much necessary for normal of cell development and functions. Responsible for nonspecific immunity. The importance of zinc for humans was recognized 40 years ago Severe immune dysfunctions were observed in Zinc-deficient patients. ZINC AND IMMUNITY The immune system is very much Zinc dependant and is very essential for normal functions and development of cell mediating innate immunity. zinc deficiency affects Macrophages.Phagocytosis, intracellular killing, and cytokine production.Zinc deficiency adversely affects the growth and function of T and B cells. The ability of zinc to function as an anti-oxidant and stabilize membranes suggests that it has a role in the prevention of free radical-induced injury during inflammatory processes. Various physiological activities in the body such as cell growth, cell differentiation and development are dependent on Zinc. Zinc plays a vital role in Catalytic activity of various enzymes in both plants and animals . Zinc plays important role in boosting the immune system. Zinc deficiency affects human health and responsible for many diseases such as hypogonadism, cognitive impairment, poor immune system, diarrhea, delayed wound healing, oligospermia, neurosensory disorders, decreased body mass. T helper cells are mainly Zinc dependent.
Vitamin C is essential micronutrient for humans, with functions are: Vit C being a potent antioxidant has the ability to donate electrons. Important Enzymes are released by Vit C . which promotes GENE regulation. Various cellular functions of both the innate and adaptive immune system for immune defense are contributed by Vit C. Epithelial function against pathogens and oxidant scavenging activity of the skin are supported by Vit C and protects against the environmental oxidative stress caused by the gene regulatory. Enhancement of chemotaxis and phagocytosis are enhanced by Vit C. and ultimately microbial killing. Vit C supports apoptosis and scavenging of the spent neutrophils from sites of infection by macrophages, there by decreases necrosis. Vit C deficiency leads to Impaired immunity and higher susceptibility to infections. Vit C both prevents and treats respiratory and systemic infections Dietary vitamin C is required for Prophylactic and prevention of infection (100-200 mg/day), which optimize cell and tissue levels. In contrast, treatment of established infections requires significantly higher doses of Vit C to compensate for the increased inflammatory response and metabolic demand.
Immune System - Facts Immune system is Body’s defence mechanism which fights against invading pathogens. Blood & Lymph Five liters of blood and lymph forms the complex immune system. The clear and colorless liquid Lymph that passes through all tissues of the body. White blood cells: two varieties ie. Phagocytes & Lymphocytes. . Some organisms as a form of self protection produces Toxins and the same is counteracted by phagocytes. When the pathogens are absorbed by phagocytes it sends out a chemical that helps lymphocytes identify what kind of pathogen it is. Specific antigen produced by the invading pathogen is counteracted by the corresponding antibodies produced by Lymphocytes. The following are the three types of Lympocytes : B cellsThe bacteria, viruses, and toxins that enter the body are attacked and inactivated by the antibodies produced by B cells. T cells kill cells act against cancerous cells. Natural killer cells make a special enzyme, or chemical, that kills the pathogens, instead of producing antibodies New antibodies are created whenever the body is attacked by a new antigen. If the same antigen attacks the body second time body can quickly destroys with the help of corresponding antibody already created previously created. 25000 white blood cells are estimated to be present in a single drop of blood fight against pathogens. Fever and inflammation are good signs White blood cells released during Fever, increases metabolism, and stops certain organisms from multiplying. The histamines released by damaged cells cause the cell walls to dilate, creates redness, heat, pain, and swelling of inflammation. sun is good By exposure to sun body naturally produces vitamin D. An array of bad things like depression, heart disease, and certain cancers are warded off. Only 10 minutes on a sunny day needed A fair-skinned person only to get all the vitamin D they need. The sun’s rays are strongest, between 10 a.m. and 2 p.m. when we have to stay in shade. Gut Flora keep the body healthy Good bacteria Present in the gut known as Intestinal Flora helps the body digest your food and to protect the body against the invading pathogens. Human beings have been around for so long because Immune system can adapt. When a foreign substance, comes back and attacks the body remembers and the body knows what to do. One infection is usually enough to protect you for life as it happens with measles. Keep your immune system strong - Immune Boosters - BILDIM chewable tablets To help your immune system work well to protect you every day do the following: Good night’s sleep . Maintain good hygiene. Consume balanced and nutritious food. Keep laughing always. Be without stress.
IMMUNITY HISTORY AND CLASSIFICATIONS The prehistoric view of disease was that supernatural forces caused it, and that illness was a form of theurgic punishment for "bad deeds" or "evil thoughts" visited upon the soul by the gods or by one's enemies. Between the time of Hippocrates and the 19th century, when the foundations of the scientific methods were laid, diseases were attributed to an alteration or imbalance in one of the three humors (blood, phlegm & bile). Also popular during this time before learning that communicable diseases came from germs/microbes was the miasma theory, which held that diseases such as cholera or the Black Plague were caused by a miasma, a noxious form of "bad air If someone were exposed to the miasma in a swamp, in the evening air, or breathing air in a sickroom or hospital ward, they could get a disease. With Louis Pasteur's germ theory of disease, the fledgling science of immunology began to explain how bacteria caused disease, and how, following infection, the human body gained the ability to resist further infections[ In 1798, Edward Jenner introduced the far safer method of deliberate infection with cowpox virus, (smallpox vaccine), which caused a mild infection that also induced immunity to smallpox. By 1800 the procedure was referred to as vaccination. To avoid confusion, smallpox inoculation was increasingly referred to as variolation. The success and general acceptance of Jenner's procedure would later drive the general nature of vaccination developed by Pasteur and others towards the end of the 19th century In 1891, Pasteur widened the definition of the vaccine in honor of Jenner and it then became essential to qualify the term, by referring to the polio vaccine, measles vaccine, etc. the first clinical description of immunity which arose from a specific disease-causing organism is probably A Treatise on Smallpox and Measles 1848 in the 9th century describes the clinical presentation of smallpox and measles and goes on to indicate that exposure to these specific agents confers lasting immunity The first scientist who developed a full theory of immunity was Ilya Mechnikov after he revealed phagocytosis in 1882. immunity refers to the ability of the human body to resist diseases caused by microorganisms. IMMUNE BOOSTERS SUPPORT THE PROCESS. Immunity is a complex human system that has the capacity to recognize and tolerate whatever belongs to the self and to recognize and reject what is foreign (non-self). Immunity is mainly classified as follows: INNATE IMMUNITY: Everybody is born with natural active immunity to prevent any infection in a normal healthy situation. ADAPTIVE IMMUNITY: When any antigen (toxins released by disease-causing organisms) enters the body antibodies are created in the body naturally to fight against (inactivate) such antigens thereby prevents infection. IMMUNE BOOSTER SUPPLEMENTS / VITAMINS are very much necessary in day-to-day life. Adaptive has subclassifications such as Natural -Passive such as antibodies received thru mother’s milk. Artificial-active such as vaccination Artificial passive: injecting antibodies (developed from others)
Pathogens are disease causing microorganisms, that our body has many defence mechanisms against. The skin is the first physical barrier, providing a protective layer that is hard to penetrate. We also have sebaceous glands that secrete acids, thus preventing the growth of pathogens. Pathogens can enter through our mouth, nose and eyes quite easily. Saliva, mucus and tears contain lysozyme enzymes that break down the cell wall of many bacteria. Our respiratory system then has it's own defenses from nasal hair to mucus to enzymes. Hydrochloric acid inside our stomach kills many harmful microorganisms that enter in our food and drink. Our blood also has a great defense system; blood contains platelets and fibrin which causes blood to clot and scabs to form, sealing off cuts from the outside. Our blood also has another fantastic weapon; white blood cells. These can hunt down and destroy pathogens, they can ingest them, and they can neutralise the effect of the pathogen toxins on the body.
Human body is invaded by disease-causing organisms ( pathogens) and the body fights against the same day to day. The mucous membrane lining of the mouth nose and digestive system and Skin prevents physically the entry of Pathogens When there is a cut on the skin blood clot formation takes place and seals the entry. These are known as natural defence mechanism. The digestive system is covered by normal body flora which prevents pathogens to become established. The presence of flora creates a shortage of nutrient for the pathogen. The respiratory system – the nose and passageways leading to the lungs – is lined with cells that produce a sticky fluid called mucus that traps invading microbes and dust. Tiny hairs called cilia move in a wave-like motion and waft the microbes and dust particles up to the throat, where they are either coughed or sneezed out or swallowed and then passed out of the body in stools. The pathogens are destroyed by the enzymes of saliva and tears. Hydrochloric acid in the stomach destroys many pathogens that enter the body in food and drink. urinary system flushes out pathogens through urine. Second line defence. The pathogens manage to enter the body then the second line of defence is activated which is non-specific and stops any type of pathogen. Phagocytes are a type of white blood cell that move by action similar to amoeba. They send out pseudopodia which allow them to surround invading pathogens and engulf them and the enzymes released by phagocytes breaks down the trapped microbes before they can do any harm. This process is called phagocytosis. The third line defence The immune response. The invading pathogens are attached with antigens and are unique to each pathogen. The antigen is recognised by the <iframe width="653" height="380" src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/k9QAyP3bYmc" title="YouTube video player" frameborder="0" allow="accelerometer; autoplay; clipboard-write; encrypted-media; gyroscope; picture-in-picture" allowfullscreen></iframe> immune system and produces an antibody against it that are specific to that antigen. Each antibody has a unique binding site shape that locks on to the specific shape of the antigen. The antibodies destroy the antigen (pathogen) which is then engulfed and digested by macrophages. White blood cells can also produce chemicals called antitoxins which destroy the toxins (poisons) some bacteria produce when they have invaded the body. The immune system memorises the antibody production against a specific pathogen (Antigen) and acts fast and immediate if the same pathogen invades again. IMMUNE BOOSTERS ARE VERY MUCH REQUIRED BUILD IMMUNITY WITH BILDIM
The prehistoric view of disease was that due to theurgic punishment for bad deeds,evil thoughts etc. Hippocrates thought alteration or imbalance in one among the three (blood, phlegm & bile). Also popular during this point before learning that communicable diseases came from germs/microbes was the miasma theory, which held that diseases like cholera or the Black Death were caused by miasma, a noxious sort of "bad air. With Louis Pasteur's scientific theory of disease, that science of immunology began to elucidate how bacteria caused disease, and how, following infection, the physical body gained the power to resist further infections. In 1798, Jenner introduced the far safer method of deliberate infection with cowpox virus, (smallpox vaccine), which caused a light infection that also induced immunity to smallpox. By 1800 the procedure was mentioned as vaccination. To The success and general acceptance of Jenner's procedure would later drive the overall nature of vaccination developed by Pasteur et al. towards the top of the 19th century In 1891, Pasteur widened the definition of the vaccine in honor of Jenner and it then became essential to qualify the term, by pertaining to the polio vaccine, measles vaccine, etc. first clinical description of immunity which arose from a specific disease-causing organism is probably A Treatise on Smallpox and Measles 1848 in the 9th century describes the clinical presentation of smallpox and measles and goes on to point that exposure to those specific agents confers lasting immunity The first scientist who developed a full theory of immunity was Ilya Mechnikov after he revealed phagocytosis in 1882. Immunity refers to the ability of the human body to resist diseases caused by microorganisms. IMMUNE BOOSTERS SUPPORT THE PROCESS. Immunity may be a complex human system that has the capacity to acknowledge and tolerate whatever belongs to the self and to acknowledge and reject what's foreign (non-self). Immunity is mainly classified as follows: INNATE IMMUNITY: Everybody is born with natural active immunity to prevent any infection in a normal healthy situation. ADAPTIVE IMMUNITY: When any antigen (toxins released by disease-causing organisms) enters the body antibodies are created in the body naturally to fight against (inactivate) such antigens thereby prevents infection. IMMUNE BOOSTER SUPPLEMENTS / VITAMINS are very much necessary in day-to-day life. Adaptive has sub classifications such as Natural -Passive such as antibodies received thru mother’s milk. Artificial-active such as vaccination Artificial passive: injecting antibodies (developed from others)