CORONA -- Virus In the late 1920s. coronavirus infection were noticed in animals. In 1931 Dr.Arthur Schalk and Dr.M.C. Hawn of North America made the first detailed report which described a new new-born chicks was characterized by gasping of new born chicks with high mortality rates of 40–90%. in North Dakota. Dr.Leland David Bushnell and Dr.Carl Alfred Brandly isolated the virus that caused the infection in 1933 infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) was the first name for the virus. During 1937 Dr.Charles D. Hudson and Dr.Fred Robert Beaudette cultivated the virus for the first time and the strain was named as Beaudette strain In the 1960s Using two different methods in the United Kingdom and the United States Human corona viruses were discovered. Corona virus Structure - single-stranded (positive-sense) RNA associated with a nucleoprotein . Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Human Beings. Pneumonia outbreak was reported in Wuhan, China. In 31 December 2019, and was observed that a novel strain of coronavirus and it was named as 2019-nCoV n 2019 by the World Health Organization (WHO). International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses later renamed as SARS-CoV-2 and it causes disease in human beings known as COVID-19 which is a contagious one causes acute respiratory syndrome. The first known case was identified in Wuhan, China, in December 2019. More variants of SARS-CoV-2 were observed in London and Kent, South Africa and in Brazil 2020-2021 which is spread fast all over the world. Protect yourself with healthy practices such as staying in ventilated indoor spaces in quarantine covering coughs and sneezes, frequent hand washing, and keeping unwashed hands away from the face. To minimize the risk of transmissions always wear Face mask in public settings. Several vaccines have been developed and many countries initiated mass vaccination campaigns. So far in Modern medine system no Antibiotic/Antiviral have been invented to combat COVID-19. In the initial stages of the infection the best natural remedy would be steam inhalation along with prescribed herbal leaves minimum twice daily and keep your Lungs and Alveoli clear without any congestion. Gargling with curcumin and salt mix in hot water. Stay in ventilated area. An hour in the morning in the sunny day to do breathing exercise.(Pranayama). Fruits rich in Vit C would be very ideal to boost immunity. Vitamin D and ZINC would definitely useful to create Immunity and protect the body against invading viruses. If any one who do not observe and practise above rapid multiplication of corona virus will take place and congest the Lungs at Alveoli level which leads to HYPOXIA - then HYPOXEMIA (lack of Oxygen in the blood) which is a serious condition where all organs will stop functioning. It is safe to keep your Lungs and Alveoli without congestion PREVENTION IS BETTER THAN CURE https://youtu.be/3pFQpiawX80
LUNGS -- ALVEOLI An important part of the Respiratory system Alveoli facilitates exchange oxygen and carbon dioxide molecules to and from the bloodstream. They are the Smallest balloon shaped passage way in the respiratory system. The alveoli allows easy passage of oxygen(O2) and carbon dioxide (CO2) between the alveoli and blood capillaries. Around 170 alveoli. / cmm of Lung tissue., On an average 600 millions Alveoli within the human lungs . There are different types of PNEUMOCYTES present in Alveoli Type I pneumocytes: do the function of exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide. Type II pneumocytes: helps repairing damage to the alveolar lining and facilitates secretion of surfactant. Macrophages (immune cells) in the alveoli, which acts as "garbage trucks" of the immune system, and phagocytize or "eat" debris they come across suchas dead bacteria,Viruses Because the concentration of oxygen is lower in the capillaries diffusion of O2 from the alveoli to capillaries occur., Similarly, where the concentration of carbon dioxide is lower in Alveoli CO2 diffuses from the capillaries to the alveoli Negative pressure in the chest is created by contraction of the diaphragm leads to expansion of Alveoli leads to O2 inhalation. The alveoli recoil (spring back) as the diaphragm relaxes during exhalation of CO2 Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a condition of Respiratory system that prevents oxygen transport to the lungs because of fluid accumaltion in the alveoli (Pulmonary Edema). Patients affected with viral infections such as COVID-19 Pandemic suffer ARDS which leads to Respiratory failure . Smoking Persistent exposeure to Nicotine and other toxic fumes Alveolar damage occur to the molecular level and leads to irreparable and irreversible leading to permanent Lung damage and HYPOXIA. A Word From indofrench One of the most important functions our body is The Alveoli function which facilitates Oxygen enters our bloodstream and every cell for Energy production (ATP) and expulsion of the waste products of metabolism (carbon dioxide) from the body. Viral infections such as COVID-19 affect the alveoli can result in reduced oxygen being delivered to the tissues of our body, and finally to a situation is known as HYPOXIA which could be fatal.
BREATHING -- Oxygen Breathing brings Oxygen to every cell of the body and to get rid of carbon dioxide from the cells. Oxygen is brought into the lungs via breathing, where it is transported by Haemoglobin (red blood cells) to the entire 100 Trillion body cells (Mitochondria). Oxygen and Metabolic end products of Protein,Carbohydrate and Fat combine to produce ATP – stored Energy through a process known as Krebs cycle . When the body requires energy to carry out an activity, ATP stored in Cells releases a high amount of energy known as ADP. The above continuous ENERGY (ATP) production happen all thru 24 hrs and 365 days OXYGEN is very much required for this process. Common respiratory conditions causing breathing problems are: Allergic reactions such as Asthma often caused by certain chemicals or pollution affects the bronchioles, which become inflamed and disturbs normal breathing. smoking causes Lung disturbances and affects breathing, A bacterial infection known as pneumonia causes swelling of lungs; Viral infections such as FLU, CORONA etc. Respiratory emergencies Rapid deterioration happen and must be assessed immediately., In an acute situation,clear the airways and administer OXYGEN .. About 90 seconds worth of ATP stored in our bodies,. ATP is released is stored in Cells . When we need energy to carry out an activity, ATP releases a high amount of energy.known as ADP. The above continuous ENERGY (ATP) production happens all thru 24 hrs and 365 days OXYGEN is very much required for this process. It is safe to maintain our Respiratory system clear of any obstruction . Enjoy breathing and inhaling more n more Oxygen for healthy living.